Future Fuel Options for Auto Industry
A common perception is that emissions from the cars are causing pollution & electric is the solution. But the correct way of looking at pollution is to examine the total effect of emissions across the chain from energy generation to final exhaust. Studies carried out in USA give interesting information.
Between Power generation, Transportation & Industry about 77% of the emissions are created. Of this about 26% is transportation and 79% of the emissions are from light duty and heavy duty vehicles. The number of cars are almost 60 times more than trucks but the total emissions from trucks are around 50% of total emissions. Trucks hence emit 20x more pollutants than cars. The balance information below relates to heavy duty vehicles only.
A study of all the various fuel options indicate that the ONLY option which positively adds to the environment by making it cleaner is Biogas/Biomethane from Biomass while all others add to the pollution even if in varying low degrees.
A study of the popular fuel options in the world today - CNG, Hydrogen, Electric (including solar/wind) shows that these or a combination of these are the fuel for the future automobiles. The parameters that decide the return on investment and the fuel option include Capital costs, Infrastructure, Range, Operating cost, Efficiency, Weight. The other parameters taken are cost of battery, fuel like Natural gas, Hydrogen etc and the time horizon taken is the next 10 years only.
The results are surprising based on currently known costs/technology and making reasonable future assumptions on both - In the next 10 years for a maximum range of 160 kms a Hydrogen fuel cell followed by All electric become a viable option. But beyond 160 kms upto 1120 kms the ONLY option that beats all other choices is a Hybrid CNG-Electric truck/bus followed by a CNG truck/bus.
Agility hence with its range of solutions that span across the whole CNG fuel system and the Electric as a combination is poised to serve the Global and Indian automotive industry by being future ready for the next 10 years - today.
Come join us on this exciting journey.