2019: 85% OF ALL NEW BUSES IN EU FUELLED BY DIESEL
In 2019 85.0% of all new medium and heavy buses (over 3.5 tonnes) registered in the European Union were fuelled by diesel. ACEA, European Automobile Manufacturers Association, has reported the latest figures on the European bus market divided into diesel and alternative drivelines. All alternatively-powered vehicles (APV) combined accounted for 15.0% of the EU bus market in 2019, with electrically-chargeable vehicles (ECV) making up 4% of total new bus registrations.
In 2019, EU demand for diesel buses decreased by 3.1% to 34,123 units. Four of the five major EU markets recorded double-digit losses in the diesel segment: Spain (-13.8%), the United Kingdom (-12.0%), Italy (-11.8%) and Germany (-10.1%). France was the only market to post modest growth (+2.4%) in registrations of new diesel buses. Across the entire European Union, only eight petrol buses were sold in 2019.
According to the ACEA registrations of new electric buses in the EU in 2019 increased by 170.5% from 594 units in 2018 to 1,607 buses sold. The Netherlands was the biggest market for these vehicles with 381 electric buses registered last year, followed by France (285) and Germany (187). Together, these three countries accounted for more than half of all electrically-chargeable buses sold last year.
Overall in 2019, 1,918 hybrid buses were registered across the European Union, or 59.7% more than the year before. These hybrid electric vehicles (HEV) held a market share of 4.8%. However, nearly all registrations were concentrated in just six countries: Germany (454 units), Spain (427), Belgium (371), Italy (255), France (210) and the Netherlands (125). By contrast, no hybrid electric buses were registered at all in 13 EU countries in 2019.
6.2% of all new buses sold in the EU last year ran on alternative fuels, representing an increase of 67.9% to 2,504 registrations – nearly all of them being powered by natural gas. France (585 units), Spain (463), Italy (303) and Sweden (284) were the largest EU markets for natural gas buses, the latter also recording the highest percentage increase across the region (+283.8%).