SCANIA CELEBRATES ITS 125TH ANNIVERSARY
Scania is celebrating its 125th anniversary in 2016. From its founding as a privately owned wagon building company back in 1891 to today’s era of connected vehicles,
Scania managed to be in the forefront of developments. Today, that successful journey continues, the company claims.
A brief rundown of Scania’s history, from its beginnings in 1891 through to today, leads to milestones like the establishing of Vabis in Södertälje in 1891, which started with the production of open goods wagons and transport wagons. Some 20 years later, Scania Vabis is created through the amalgamation of Vabis with the Malmö based, privately owned machine manufacturing company Scania.
In 1923 Scania Vabis designer August Nilsson develops a four cylinder, overhead valve engine, whose power and reliability were of major benefit in the trucks and buses of those days.
In 1936 Scania Vabis developed its first diesel engine, a six cylinder. An eight cylinder version of this engine was mounted transversely at rear in the first Scania Vabis integral bus named Metropol and based on a licence agreement witk Mack, an American truck and bus manufacturer which granted Scania Vabis to produce the Mack C50 monocoque bus for woldwide distribution – with the exception of course of the USA.
In 1961 Scania Vabis started the production of truck and bus chassis in Brazil, opening its first ever production facility outside Sweden in São Bernardo do Campo, near São Paulo.
Seven years ago, in 2009, Scania launches the Scania Touring, a new coach built in partnership with Chinese bus bodybuilder Higer. Both companies joined forces to produce buses in China for the world market – a pioneering step forward in bus manufacturing.
Today, Scania claims to be one of the world’s leading manufacturers of trucks and buses for heavy transport applications, and of industrial and marine engines, employing some 42,000 people, In 2014, net sales totalled SEK 92.1 billion and net income amounted to SEK 6 billion.